CSIS LOGOThe Heritage Front Affair
A report to the Solicitor General of Canada

December 9th, 1995



II. TARGETING THE EXTREMISTS




This chapter outlines the reasons why CSIS decided to target the leaders of the white supremacist movement. The general process by which CSIS decides whether to investigate a particular individual is described in Annex A.

2.1 Targeting the Extremists

The targeting of the white supremacist movement, since the establishment of CSIS, has been reviewed continuously since 1985. The individual targets have changed, and the scope of the investigations has narrowed and then recently expanded again. Over the years, a considerable number of people in positions of authority, both in government and the judiciary, have known of and approved the Service's operations in this area.

The list of those who have scrutinized the targeting of individuals in the white supremacist movement since the creation of CSIS includes: seven Solicitors General; four Inspectors General; twelve members of the Security Intelligence Review Committee; and four Directors of CSIS. In addition, judges of the Federal Court have granted warrant powers to the Service to investigate in this area.

In this section of our report, we examine how the Service targeted the individuals in the white supremacist movement. We review:
CSIS has never issued a targeting authorization specifically against the Heritage Front per se.

CSIS began to investigate members of the white supremacist movement from the creation of the new civilian agency, although targeting took place earlier, under the RCMP Security Service.

The most significant change to the targeting process during the period was that the scope of the investigation narrowed. Recent targeting certificates, however, show that the Service has again expanded its information collection efforts to include those who participate in acts of serious political violence. The Targeting Approval and Review Committee (TARC) minutes of February 1988 state that "although no concrete acts of violence have taken place yet, it is seriously believed that these organizations have the capacity to perform such actions."

After five years of investigating the extreme right, CSIS concluded in the 1990-91 TARC submission, that the "investigations since 1985 have documented the violence and petty criminal activity by skinheads and others but nothing that could be considered a threat to the security of Canada." CSIS continued to investigate the extent to which the extreme-right constitutes a threat, by "focusing on the leadership".

2.2 The First Certificates of the 90's

Targeting the "extreme right" in 1990-91 took place under sections 12, 2(b)[1] and 2(c)[2] of the CSIS Act. In 1991-92, targeting was only under 2(c). Counter-terrorism investigations are, of course, under 2(c), "political violence".

The 1990-91 targeting submission defined the extreme right "as racists, fascists and anti-semites who are prepared to use violence to achieve their political objectives."

The leaders were said to:
CSIS' aim was to provide preemptive intelligence of the
The Service also sought to develop human sources close to the extreme-right in order to ascertain the white supremacist strategy. CSIS sought to differentiate its investigation from criminal investigations.

In March 1991, TARC added a significant condition:
From this point on, the Service was required to send an aide-mÈmoire to the Solicitor General - prior to implementing the TARC Certificate.

2.3 The Second Targeting Series

The 1992-93 submission to TARC against the white supremacists was approved, pursuant to s.2 (c) of the CSIS Act. The rationale was:
The Service stated that the racists had taken "a more pro-active stance to further their political objectives." Proof for the statement was "the increasing presence of hate literature and racist hotlines, as well as a number of high profile criminal cases."

In what appeared to be a return to broader and more preemptive information collection, TARC approved an authorization against "Serious Violence Associated with Racist and Anti-Semitic incidents". The investigation collected information on racist and anti-semitic
The 1993 TARC submission highlighted two developments:
The Service added
As in the previous year, the submission expressed concern about the links forged within and between the Canadian white supremacists and their foreign counterparts.

The 1993 submission acknowledged that the Heritage Front had become "the most prominent white supremacist organization in the country," prominent enough to inspire the creation of a counter group called "Anti-Racist Action". The latter was "allegedly preparing to use violence and 'direct action' tactics to counter the white supremacists."

2.4 The Current Certificate

The most recent TARC Certificate sought to show the stronger links between incidents of racial violence and the political objectives of the white supremacists.


Footnotes

1 Threats to the Security of Canada, Section 2(b) of the CSIS Act:
2 Threats to the Security of Canada, Section 2(c) of the CSIS Act:
3
4
5 Criminal Incidents cited: - clashes between anti-racists and the Heritage Front in Ottawa (May 93) and Toronto (June 93); - Wolfgang Droege and several supporters charged with assault, armed robbery, kidnapping and forceable confinement; and - both George Burdi and Eric Fischer face criminal charges.



[Next Chapter] [Previous Chapter] [SIRC Report Exposed page]

[Chapter 1] [Chapter 2] [Chapter 3] [Chapter 4] [Chapter 5] [Chapter 6] [Chapter 7] [Chapter 8] [Chapter 9] [Chapter 10] [Chapter 11] [Chapter 12] [Chapter 13]





Comments? E-Mail: ezundel@cts.com

Now you have a choice. We do not recruit; we convince. Truth has no need of coercion. We invite your support and submissions.

If you approve of our outreach on behalf of truth in history and can afford to help us, please send your donations to:

The Zündel-Haus
206 Carlton Street
Toronto, ONT
Canada M5A 2L1

Tel: 416 - 922-9850

As a public service, we alert our readers to other major websites posting related materials in support of Historical Revisionism. A suggestion to surf other sites is not to be interpreted as an endorsement of documents placed on these sites. For relentless Holocaust promotion, on the other hand, contact Nizkor.
For another Jewish point of view, contact the Simon Wiesenthal Center (tm)

Go to Table of Contents Back to Homepage